One of the most popular board games in the world is chess. Chess is not only a game but also a sport which shows up in various international sporting events. This sport is also considered a strategy and intelligence game which trains your brain. This game attracts lots of players of all ages, both professionally and more informally. Children play chess to learn how to think logically. The elderly play chess to activate their minds so that they can prevent Alzheimer’s disease.
1. The origin of chess
There is no correct answer for who invented chess. The origin of chess varies, with different stories and hypotheses. One of them originated from a well-known legend. This legend is about Shihram – the Indian King and the wise man. Under the rule of the King, there was no order to society and chaos reigned. So, the wise man wanted to show the King that it was important to reorganize the kingdom. To do this, the man invented a game which represented the King, his troops, his queen, his knights, etc. At the time, the man used grains of wheat to show the King how to play this game. After playing this game, the King understood that he couldn’t underestimate the importance of small things, and that a well-organized residence for the citizens was essential. Moreover, he liked this game and decided to recognize it as a game that other people could play too.
Another theory belongs to H.J.R. Murray, who assumes that chess comes from the North of India. According to his book, this game started in India, traveled to Persia, and then landed in Asia. The evidence for this theory comes from language. In Persian, the word “Shāh” means king, and “Shāh Māt” means “the king is helpless”. These terms are similar to “check” and “checkmate”, which we use today. And, he also concludes that the modern chess we play today dates back to the 19th century.
2. Basic rules of chess
Like other online strategy games, online chess games follow the formal rules of this sport. So, to play online versions of chess, you should understand its rules first.
It’s the most important piece; however, it’s one of the weakest ones, so you shouldn’t use the king to attack other pieces. This piece only can move one square at a time, in various directions. You can move the king up, down, diagonally, or to the sides. It’s called “check” when any piece attacks the king.
She is the most powerful piece in the board. This piece can move any direction on the board. Also, the distance for each move is not limited. She can capture the opponent’s pieces by occupying the position of the pieces.
There are two rooks on each side. These piece can move as far as you want, but they only can go forward, backward, to the left, or to the right. To enhance the power of this piece, you should combine them so that they can support and work together.
Like the rook, there is no limit to the distance for one move from this piece. However, the bishop can only move diagonally. So, to improve its weakness, you should let them work together.
The move of this piece is quite complicated. It starts with two squares in the same direction, then keeps going with one square at a 90-degree angle. To simplify its move, you can imagine the shape of a letter “L.” This piece can also jump over other pieces.
The moving and capturing of the pawns are different from other pieces. This piece only can move forward one square at a time, but in the first move, it can go up two squares. To capture other pieces from the opponent, the pawn has to move one square diagonally. It can’t move backward or jump over other pieces.
Overall, chess is a popular game as well as a sport which requires players to have a smart and clear strategy. With the development of the internet, this game quickly appeared on the internet in various online versions. However, the rules for playing chess are the same. If you want to start playing chess, review all the basic rules above. To try online chess games, check this link: https://www.facebook.com/playpuzzlegames/